Completed M.B. Ch. B. at Pretoria University. Specialised with M.MED. ORTH. Degree in orthopaedics at the University of the Orange Free State. Practiced in Ladysmith in a general orthopaedic practice. Commenced practice in Pietermaritzburg in a general orthopaedic practice in 1996. Interest – lumbar spine surgery, foot and ankle surgery, hip and knee arthroplasty, hand surgery and trauma.